APPRAISAL DEFINITIONS
A Fee Simple interest is defined  as:

Absolute ownership unencumbered by any other interest or estate, subject only to the limitations imposed by the governmental powers of taxation, eminent domain, police power, and escheat.


A Leased Fee interest is defined as:

An ownership interest held by a landlord with the rights of use and occupancy conveyed by a lease to others. The rights of the lessor (the leased fee owner) and the leased fee are specified by contract terms contained within the lease.


Marketing Time is defined as:

1.  The time it takes an interest in real property to sell on the market sub-sequent to the date of an appraisal.

2. Reasonable marketing time is an estimate of the amount of time it might take to sell an interest in real property at its estimated market value during the period immediately after the effective date of the appraisal; the anticipated time required to expose the property to a pool of prospective purchasers and to allow appropriate time for negotiation, the exercise of due diligence, and the consummation of a sale at a price supportable by concurrent market conditions. Marketing time differs from exposure time, which is always presumed to precede the effective date of the appraisal. (Advisory Opinion 7 of the Appraisal Standards Board of The Appraisal Foundation and Statement on Appraisal Standards No. 6, "Reasonable Exposure Time in Real Property and Personal Property Market Value Opinions" address the determination of reasonable exposure and marketing time.)



Exposure Time is defined as:

1. The time a property remains on the market.

2. The estimated length of time the property interest being appraised would have been offered on the market prior to the hypothetical consummation of a sale at market value on the effective date of the appraisal; a retrospective estimate based on an analysis of past events assuming a competitive and open market. Exposure time is always presumed to occur prior to the effective date of the appraisal. The overall concept of reasonable exposure encompasses not only adequate, sufficient and reasonable time but also adequate, sufficient and reasonable effort. Exposure time is different for various types of real estate and value ranges and under various market conditions. (Appraisal Standards Board of The Appraisal Foundation, Statement on Appraisal Standards No. 6, "Reasonable Exposure Time in Real Property and Personal Property Market Value Opinions")

Market value estimates imply that an adequate marketing effort and reasonable time for exposure occurred prior to the effective date of the appraisal. In the case of disposition value, the time frame allowed for marketing the property rights is somewhat limited, but the marketing effort is orderly and adequate. With liquidation value, the time frame for marketing the property rights is so severely limited that an adequate marketing program cannot be implemented. (The Report of the Appraisal Institute Special Task Force on Value Definitions qualifies exposure time in terms of the three above-mentioned values.) See also marketing time.

Gross Building Area:


(GBA) is the total floor area of a building, including below-grade space but excluding unenclosed areas, measured from the exterior of the walls. Gross building area for office buildings is computed by measuring to the outside finished surface of permanent outer building walls without any deductions. All enclosed floors of the building including basements, mechanical equipment floors, penthouses, and the like are included in the measurement. Parking spaces and parking garages are excluded.


Rentable Area :

(RA) is the amount of space on which the rent is based; calculated according to local practice.



Gross Leasable Area:

(GLA) the total floor area designed for the occupancy and exclusive use of tenants, including basements and mezzanines, and measured from the center of interior partitioning to outside wall surfaces; the standard measure for determining the size of shopping centers where rent is calculated based on the GLA occupied. The area for which tenants pay rent. 



As Is Value:

The value of specific ownership rights to an identified parcel of real estate as of the effective date of the appraisal; relates to what physically exists and is legally permissible and excludes all assumptions concerning hypothetical market conditions or possible rezoning. 



Stabilized Value:

1. A value opinion that excludes from consideration any abnormal relationship between supply and demand such as is experienced in boom periods, when cost and sale price may exceed the long-term value, or during periods of depression, when cost and sale price may fall short of long-term value.

2.  A value opinion that excludes from consideration any transitory condition that may cause excessive construction costs, e.g., a bonus or premium for material, the abnormal inefficiency of labor, the cost of delay or an excessive sale price, e.g., a premium paid due to a temporary shortage of supply.

In layman’s terms, stabilized value is the prospective value of a property after construction has been completed and market occupancy and cash flow have been achieved. 


As Complete Value:


The prospective value of a property after all construction has been completed. This value reflects all expenditures for lease-up and occupancy that may be expected to have occurred at that point in time, which may or may not put the property at stabilized value. 


Market Value:

As defined by the Office of the Comptroller of Currency (OCC) under 12 CFR, Part 34, Subpart C-Appraisals, 34.42 Definitions, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (FRS) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in compliance with Title XI of FIRREA, as well as by the Uniform Standards of Appraisal Practice as promulgated by the Appraisal Foundation, is as follows.

Market value means the most probable price which a property should bring in a competitive and open market under all conditions requisite to a fair sale, the buyer and seller each acting prudently and knowledgeably, and assuming the price is not affected by undue stimulus.  Implicit in this definition is the consummation of a sale as of a specified date and the passing of title from seller to buyer under conditions whereby,

1. Buyer and seller are typically motivated;

2. Both parties are will informed or well advised, and acting in what they consider their own best interest;
3. A reasonable time is allowed for exposure in the open market;

4. Payment is made in terms of cash in U.S. dollars or in terms of financial arrangements comparable thereto; and

5. The price represents the normal consideration for the property sold unaffected by special or creative financing or sales concessions granted by anyone associated with the sale.

Champlain Valley Appraisal Services, PLLC 
PO Box 623 Hinesburg VT 05461
Phone: 802-881-0622